CHUUK STATE SUPREME COURT
TRIAL DIVISION
Cite as Chuuk State Supreme Court v. Umwech (I),
7 FSM Intrm. 600 (Chuuk S. Ct. Tr. 1996)

[7 FSM Intrm. 600]

CHUUK STATE SUPREME COURT and
SOUKICHI FRITZ, in his capacity as Chief Justice,
Chuuk State Supreme Court,
Plaintiffs,

vs.

MARCELLINO UMWECH, in his capacity as
Governor of Chuuk State,
Defendant.

CSSC - CIVIL NO. 113-96

FINDING OF FACT AND CONCLUSION OF LAW

Richard H. Benson
Special Trial Division Justice

Hearing:  September 23, 1996
Decided:  October 2, 1996

APPEARANCES:
For the Plaintiffs:        Mark Sokkappa, Esq.
                                     P.O. Box 187
                                     Weno, Chuuk FM 96942

For the Defendant:     Wesley Simina, Esq.
                                     Chuuk Attorney General
                                     P.O. Box 189
                                     Weno, Chuuk FM 96942

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HEADNOTE
Constitutional Law ) Chuuk ) Executive Powers
     For the Chuuk Governor to veto a bill he must both disapprove it and return it to the house in the legislature in which it originated within ten days of it being presented to him.  Otherwise it becomes law in like manner as if he had signed it.  Chuuk State Supreme Court v. Umwech (I), 7 FSM Intrm. 600, 601 (Chk. S. Ct. Tr. 1996).

[7 FSM Intrm. 601]
*    *    *    *

COURT'S OPINION
RICHARD H. BENSON, Special Trial Division Justice:
     This case was heard on September 23, 1996 on the sole issue of whether to grant the plaintiffs declaratory judgment that "Chuuk State Legislature No. 3-19-95 cannot be applied to the plaintiffs."  The plaintiffs contend that when Act 3-21 became law, State Law 3-95-19 no longer applied to them.

     The testimony received and arguments made were only as to whether Act 3-21 became law.  It is uncontested that Act 3-21 was enacted by the Chuuk State Legislature and presented to the Governor for his consideration on July 22, 1996. It is also uncontested that more than ten days remained on July 22 before the legislature would adjourn sine die.  Thus the Governor had ten days within which to act.  Chk. Const. art. V, 14(a).  The Chuuk Constitution provides that for the Governor to veto a bill he must both disapprove it and return it to the house in the legislature in which it originated within ten days of it being presented to him. Otherwise it becomes law.  Id.

     Based on the testimony received and after considering the arguments of counsel, I make the following finding of fact:  The Governor did not return Act 3-21 to the legislature with his disapproval and objections within the ten days permitted by the Constitution of the State of Chuuk, article V, section 14(a).  Based upon this finding I make the following conclusion of law:  Because of the failure set out in the finding of fact, Act 3-21 became law in like manner as if signed by the Governor.Id.

     If so advised, the plaintiffs may by motion assert their right to declaratory judgment based on this ruling.
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           
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