FSM SUPREME COURT TRIAL DIVISION
Cite as FSM Dev. Bank v. Arthur
10 FSM Intrm. 479 ( Pon. 2001)
 
[10 FSM Intrm. 479]
 
FSM DEVELOPMENT BANK,
Plaintiff,
 
vs.
 
ROBERT C. ARTHUR, PATRICIA ARTHUR,
BETHWEL HENRY, and MARIHNE HENRY,
Defendants.
 
CIVIL ACTION NO. 2001-007
 
ORDER AND MEMORANDUM
 
Martin Yinug
Associate Justice
 
Decided: December 3, 2001
 
APPEARANCES:
 
For the Plaintiff:                  James Woodruff, Esq.
                                             P.O. Box M
                                             Kolonia, Pohnpei FM 96941
 
For the Defendants:          Douglas F. Cushnie, Esq.
                                            P.O. Box 949
                                            Saipan, Northern Marianas MP 96950
 
* * * *
 
HEADNOTES
 
Civil Procedure ) Summary Judgment
     In determining whether a genuine issue of material fact exists under Rule 56(c), a court will
 
[10 FSM Intrm. 480]
 
consider the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any. FSM Dev. Bank v. Arthur, 10 FSM Intrm. 479, 480 (Pon. 2001).
 
Contracts ) Mistake and Misunderstanding; Contracts ) Parol Evidence
     The parol evidence rule generally prohibits the introduction of any extrinsic evidence, whether oral or written, to vary, alter or add to the terms of an integrated written instrument, but parol evidence is generally held admissible to alter the terms of a written contract when it is shown that by reason of mutual mistake the parties' true intention is not expressed. FSM Dev. Bank v. Arthur, 10 FSM Intrm. 479, 480 (Pon. 2001).
 
Contracts; Contracts ) Parol Evidence
     A parol agreement inconsistent with a written agreement made contemporaneously therewith is void and unenforceable, unless it was omitted from the written contract by fraud, accident, or mistake. FSM Dev. Bank v. Arthur, 10 FSM Intrm. 479, 480 (Pon. 2001).
 
Civil Procedure ) Summary Judgment
     When factual differences in the bank and development authority loan documents and the promissory note and loan agreement raise genuine issues of material fact, summary judgment for either party is precluded. FSM Dev. Bank v. Arthur, 10 FSM Intrm. 479, 480-81 (Pon. 2001).

* * * *

COURT'S OPINION

MARTIN YINUG, Associate Justice:

     On September 3, 2001, the defendants filed their motion for summary judgment. On October 9, 2001, the plaintiff FSM Development Bank ("the Bank") filed its motion for summary judgment, which is a renewal of its May 1, 2001, motion for summary judgment.

     In determining whether a "genuine issue of material fact" exists under Rule 56(c) of the FSM Rules of Civil Procedure, the court will consider "the pleadings, depositions, answers to interrogatories, and admissions on file, together with the affidavits, if any."

     The Bank contends that the note on which it sues was made to the defendants in their individual capacities, while the defendants assert that in actuality the loan was to a corporation known as AHPW, Inc., and not to them individually. Defendant Robert C. Arthur is a director and officer of AHPW, Inc. Relative to the questions of mutual mistake and misrepresentation addressed in the parties' moving papers, "[t]he parol evidence rule generally prohibits the introduction of any extrinsic evidence, whether oral or written, to vary, alter or add to the terms of an integrated written instrument." Alling v. Universal Mfg. Corp., 7 Cal. Rptr. 2d 718, 731 (Ct. App. 1992). At the same time, "parol evidence is generally held admissible to alter the terms of a written contract when it is shown that by reason of mutual mistake the true intention of the parties is not expressed." 30 Am. Jur. 2d Evidence Ї 1037 (1967) (footnote omitted). Further, "[a] parol agreement inconsistent with a written agreement made contemporaneously therewith is void and unenforceable, unless it was omitted from the written contract by fraud, accident, or mistake." 17A Am. Jur. 2d Contracts Ї 402 (1991) (footnotes omitted).

     Citing 30 F.S.M.C. 201-220, plaintiff states that the loan at issue was "made as part of the Investment Development Fund." Answer Brief to Motion for Summary Judgment and Motion for Summary Judgment at 11 (Oct. 9, 2001). Sections 209 and 210 of Title 30 of the FSM Code require, under specified circumstances, the approval of such loans either by the Federated Development

[10 FSM Intrm. 481]

Authority ("FDA"), Ї 209, or the president of the Development Bank or his designee, Ї 210. The FDA approved the loan to AHPW, Inc., on August 23, 1993. The defendants executed the promissory note at issue on December 10, 1993. The Bank's first default notice dated April 30, 1999, contains the notation "Borrower's Name: AHPW, Inc." under the current details portion of the notice. The March 10, 2000, resolution of the FDA provides in pertinent part: "It is resolved that the FSMDB is hereby empowered to charge off the loan[] issued to AHPW, Inc." The document entitled "IDF Fund Status of as June 30, 2000," bears a line item that begins "G3C-1576 AHPW." At variance with the status report is the promissory note, which shows the individual defendants as the "Promisor." In the top right hand corner of the note there appears a blank line that has been filled in with the same loan number that appears in the status report: "LOAN NO. G3C-1576." The loan agreement, which is separate from but consistent with the promissory note, shows the defendants as the "Borrower." All of the foregoing documents are attached as exhibits to the affidavit of defendant Robert C. Arthur, filed on September 3, 2001. Facts including but not limited to the foregoing raise genuine issues of material fact that preclude summary judgment in the Bank's favor.

     By the same token, the note and loan agreement themselves create fact issues that preclude summary judgment favoring the defendants.

     Accordingly, both summary judgment motions are denied.

* * * *

 
 
џџмјџџ;јџџдя џџ)ъ!џџРщ%џџи&џџ%ц'џџќф(џџа)џџ Щ*џџhШ+џџZЫ,џџжХ-џџсН.џџРМ/џџ К0џџЫЖ1џџHГ3џџйЋ4џџ>Ѕ5џџЄ6џџ4‹7џџ{Š:џџYƒ;џџ<џџыx=џџЂw>џџйr?џџыj@џџюeAџџBџџbcCџџI_Eџџ”XFџџЎMGџџJHџџпDIџџw(JџџО'Kџџ1MџџDNџџ*Oџџъ>PџџY>QџџЈ=SџџœЛ UџџV Vџџ$ўWџџЙіXџџ˜ѕZџџ\ђ]џџ0р^џџ-е_џџŠЯ`џџзЪcџџТcdџџШeџџ5ДfџџtВgџџŠЙhџџˆИiџџOЖjџџ!Џkџџ;Њlџџ8ІmџџюЁnџџ‹oџџ’œpџџ”qџџРŠrџџз‰sџџNˆtџџУ„vџџF}wџџ­mxџџдkyџџТz{џџ b}џџnV~џџ—Xџџ(A‚џџu>ƒџџђ<…џџШ:†џџš4‡џџw1ˆџџN‰џџiŠџџaF‹џџЗEŒџџ–Aџџ“?ŽџџБ>џџ>џџц‘џџ1’џџа“џџІ•џџм–џџш—џџ˜џџa™џџб šџџцќ›џџe№œџџQэџџ„хžџџ#хŸџџМп џџrоЁџџєМЂџџїЃџџЇшЄџџТ8ЅџџXІџџПUЇџџрPЈџџЦOЉџџнLЊџџ;JЋџџьKЌџџЧC­џџ^AЎџџЮГ ЏџџКyАџџ5гВџџE3ГџџŽuЕџџ§лЖџџ@ѓЗџџwђИџџіеКџџ3rЛџџЬМџџЬНџџ'–ОџџГПџџеЌРџџЌЅСџџ>•ТџџŠУџџ$ŽФџџ;ˆХџџ‚Њ Цџџi†Чџџ …Шџџz“ЩџџгЋ ЪџџЏ„Ыџџђ|ЬџџЃ ЭџџВsЮџџ6nЯџџocаџџДWвџџЙ1гџџN/дџџuѓеџџЋ+жџџъ*зџџkиџџИйџџi› кџџуџмџџЗ№нџџ№пџџ жрџџPдсџџЙЮтџџєЪуџџцЫхџџ/ХцџџZYчџџOЅшџџ щџџ‹Ђъџџ*Ђыџџdьџџ:™эџџБ˜юџџm”яџџ–Kёџџшђџџ’iѓџџуTєџџВсѕџџџіџџкрїџџVЪљџџЙњџџ‰Pћџџц8ќџџ§џџзџџџРxџџ§џџЛџџbЖџџ\Tџџмџџ]CџџцЪ џџџџOЧ џџX8 џџ˜L џџЉь џџgџџЇ9џџ;dџџЭўџџнџџ џџfАџџѓџџP7џџг’џџ<џџ&\џџГRџџЛ_џџ+{џџ?!џџљр"џџащ#џџџ %џџлК &џџ@'џџЖ (џџЏЃ)џџ—p*џџ+v+џџћв ,џџƒn-џџ U/џџ§g0џџ1џџы2џџ—с4џџ’5џџКњ6џџж9џџ"T:џџS>;џџ˜q<џџ­р=џџy>џџАП?џџК@џџ‹AџџшзBџџŒлCџџуТDџџ“EџџфFџџ2G