ARTICLE XIV
Amendments

     Section 1.  An amendment to this Constitution may be proposed by a constitutional convention, popular initiative, or Congress in a manner provided by law.  A proposed amendment shall become a part of the Constitution when approved by 3/4 of the votes cast on that amendment in each of 3/4 of the states.  If conflicting constitutional amendments submitted to the voters at the same election are approved, the amendment receiving the highest number of affirmative votes shall prevail to the extent of such conflict.

Cross reference:  The statutory provisions of the Constitutional Amendment Procedure Act are found in chapter 7 of title 1 of the FSM Code.

     Section 2.  At least every 10 years, Congress shall submit to the voters the question:  "Shall there be a convention to revise or amend the Constitution?".  If a majority of ballots cast upon the question is in the affirmative, delegates to the convention shall be chosen no later than the next regular election, unless Congress provides for the selection of delegates earlier at a special election.

Case annotations:  The Nat'l Constitutional Convention is given broad authority to revise the very foundation of gov't, and every institution and office of gov't may come within its reach.Constitutional Convention 1990 v. President, 4 FSM Intrm. 320, 326 (App. 1990).

The nature of a constitutional convention as authorized by the FSM Constitution, with direct control of people over the identity of convention delegates, and ultimate acceptance of the products of the convention's efforts, and the fact that the framers view a constitutional convention as a standard and preferred amendment mechanism, preclude congressional control over the convention's decision-making.  Constitutional Convention 1990 v. President, 4 FSM Intrm. 320, 327 (App. 1990).

Congress has no power to specify voting requirements for Constitutional Convention and therefore any attempt to exercise this power so as to uphold tradition is also outside the powers of Congress under art. V, 2 of the Constitution, which is not an independent source of congressional power but which merely confirms the power of Congress, in exercising nat'l legislative powers, to make special provisions for Micronesian tradition.  Constitutional Convention 1990 v. President, 4 FSM Intrm. 320, 328 (App. 1990).

Cross reference:  The statutory provisions of the Constitutional Amendment Procedure Act are found in chapter 7 of title 1 of the FSM Code.