(1) The Secretary shall, subject to approval of the President of the Federated States of Micronesia, prescribe and have printed reasonable regulations for the enforcement of this chapter and such regulations shall have the force and effect of law if they are not in conflict with the express provisions of this chapter or other laws of the Federated States of Micronesia.
(2) Such regulations shall also provide for the making of returns concerning any taxes imposed by this chapter, and the payment thereof, in any situations not specifically covered by this chapter.
Source: PL 13-71 § 17; PL 16-52 § 9.
Cross-reference: The statutory provisions on the President and the Executive are found in title 2 of this code.
Editor’s note: PL 13-71 §17 enacted section 370 without a title, with the following content: “Sections 114 to 115 and 151 to 157 of chapter 1 of this title also apply to the provisions of this chapter.”
(1) The Secretary shall prescribe the forms of all returns required to be furnished under the provisions of this chapter or provide for other methods of filing returns and may provide in such forms for the giving of such information as he may deem necessary or advisable.
(2) All information required by the form of any return must be included in the return by the person, employer, company, or business responsible for making the return.
(3) No return shall be complete unless and until it is signed by or for the employer, business or other person liable to make the return, or by someone authorized to do so in behalf of such employer, business, or other person. Every return shall be signed by a natural person.
(4) The Secretary may require that, if any person or persons actually prepare or sign a return for another employer, business, or other person, a form stating such facts and authorizing such person to sign such return be signed by the person so preparing or signing the return, and the employer, business, or other person in whose name the return is filed.
(5) The Secretary may by regulations define the classes of persons to whom this provision shall apply.
(6) Any other provision of law to the contrary notwithstanding, no oath shall be required upon any tax return.
(7) Revenue shall be identified by the State or States in which it is earned.
All persons, employees, and businesses required to make and file returns under this chapter shall keep and maintain accurate records, and the records may be inspected and audited at any reasonable time by the Secretary for the purpose of administering the provisions of this chapter.
(1) Upon the failure of any person, business, or employer to make and file a return required by this chapter within the time and in the manner and form prescribed, or upon failure to pay any amount due, the Secretary may notify such person, business, or employer of such failure and demand that a return be made and filed and the tax paid as required by this chapter.
(2) If such person, business, or employer upon notice and demand by the Secretary fails or refuses within 30 days after receipt of said notice and demand to make and file a return and pay the tax required by this chapter, the Secretary may make a return for such person, business, or employer from any information and records obtainable, may file a notice of lien pursuant to the Secured Transactions Act, and may levy and assess the appropriate amount of tax.
(3) Such assessment shall be presumed to be correct unless and until it is proved incorrect by the person, business, or employer disputing the amount of the assessment.
(4) In no event, however, shall any tax assessment, demand for filing a return, or demand for payment be made after seven (7) years of such time for filing a return or for payment of taxes in the manner and form prescribed.
All taxes imposed or authorized under this chapter shall be a lien upon any property of the person or business obligated to pay said taxes and may be collected by levy upon such property in the same manner as the levy of an execution.
The criminal penalties imposed by section 375 of this chapter for violation of provisions of this chapter shall be separate from, and in addition to, all other penalties or interest provided for in this section. The following civil penalties are hereby levied and shall be assessed and collected by this Secretary:
(1) Failure to file return on time. If any taxpayer fails to make and file a return required under this chapter on or before the date set, unless prior to that date such taxpayer applied for and received an extension for reasonable cause, one percent of the tax shall be added for each 30 days or fraction thereof elapsing between the due date of the return and the date on which it is actually filed; provided, however, that the minimum penalty under this subsection shall be five dollars and the maximum penalty under this section shall be 25 percent of the tax due.
(2) Failure by employer to file statement. Any employer required to furnish a written statement who willfully failed to file such statements on the date prescribed thereof, except with regard to any extension of time for filing, shall be subject to a five dollar penalty for each such statement not so filed.
(3) Failure to file after demand. Where taxpayer fails to file return and pay tax after demand in any case where the Secretary makes a return and assesses a tax after a taxpayer’s failure or refusal to make and file a return and pay the tax required by this chapter, ten percent of the tax assessed, in addition to the penalties of subsection (1) of this section, shall be added thereto.
(4) False and fraudulent returns. If any part of any deficiency is due to fraud with intent to evade the tax, or any portion thereof, 50 percent of the total amount of such deficiency, in addition to the penalties provided in subsections (1), (2), and (3) of this section, shall be assessed and added to the deficiency assessment.
(5) Interest. If any tax imposed by this chapter is not paid on or before the date prescribed for such payment, there shall be collected, in addition to such tax and any penalties assessed, interest on the unpaid balance of the tax principal at the rate of six percent per annum from its due date until the date it is paid.
(1) If a decision of the Secretary is adverse to the taxpayer, in whole or in part, the taxpayer shall have the right within one year from the date of such decision to institute an action for review, irrespective of the amount, in a court of competent jurisdiction in the Federated States of Micronesia. Such action shall be commenced by filing a petition setting forth assignments of all errors alleged to have been committed by the Secretary in his determination of the assessment, the facts relied upon to sustain such assignments of errors, and a prayer for appropriate relief. The Secretary or his successor in office shall be the defendant in such proceedings.
(2) When the decision of the court or an appeal therefrom becomes final, the Secretary shall, upon presentation of a certified copy of the decree, make such adjustments as are necessary to correct, amend, or abate the assessment, and to determine whether any additional amount should be assessed.
(3) Where the assessment is paid, in whole or in part, after the filing of the petition, the court shall not thereby be deprived of jurisdiction.
Source: PL 16-52 § 16.
Cross-reference: The statutory provisions on the FSM Supreme Court and the Judiciary are found in title 4 of this code.
(1) For the purposes described under sections 372 and 804 of this title, the Secretary shall be authorized to summon the person or persons liable for tax under this title to appear before the Secretary or his designee and at such appearance to produce such documents and to give such testimony as specified in the summons.
(2) The provisions of subsection (1) of this section shall also apply to any officer or employee or agent of such person or persons described in subsection (1) of this section, or any third party having possession, custody, or care of books of accounts relating to the business of the person or persons liable for tax under this title.